Selected Sunday Scriptures- #112

Today’s post begins with this passage from the gospel of Luke:

Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, where for forty days he was tempted by the devil. He ate nothing at all during those days, and when they were over, he was famished. The devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become a loaf of bread.” Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘One does not live by bread alone.’”

Then the devil led him up and showed him in an instant all the kingdoms of the world. And the devil said to him, “To you I will give their glory and all this authority; for it has been given over to me, and I give it to anyone I please. If you, then, will worship me, it will all be yours.” Jesus answered him, “It is written,

‘Worship the Lord your God,
    and serve only him.’”

Then the devil took him to Jerusalem, and placed him on the pinnacle of the temple, saying to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here, 10 for it is written,

‘He will command his angels concerning you,
    to protect you,’

11 and

‘On their hands they will bear you up,
    so that you will not dash your foot against a stone.’”

12 Jesus answered him, “It is said, ‘Do not put the Lord your God to the test.’” 13 When the devil had finished every test, he departed from him until an opportune time.

(Luke 4:1-13)

While re-reading this passage again, I was struck by the particular avenues of attack that the Evil One used. He offers Jesus different things- just as he “offers” us certain “gifts” in exchange for turning our backs on God.

He first starts by focusing on base, material concerns- our appetites, in this case quite literally with Jesus’ hunger. Jesus, being both fully man and fully God, experienced hunger just as we do. And that ache would have been pretty intense after 40 days. But at the same time Jesus knows that there is more to our life than just satisfying material needs. St. Paul touches on this in his letter to the Philippians:

17 Brethren, join in imitating me, and mark those who so live as you have an example in us. 18 For many, of whom I have often told you and now tell you even with tears, live as enemies of the cross of Christ. 19 Their end is destruction, their god is the belly, and they glory in their shame, with minds set on earthly things.

(Philippians 3:17-19)

The second attack that the Adversary makes is by offering all earthly authority to Jesus. This is an attack via pride and greed. Again, as a man, Jesus experienced the same sense of ego and desire that we all experience. But He rejected those desires, for they ultimately lead to naught but ruin. What good is there to gain the world, but lose one’s soul? Such a trade is that of a fool:

16 And he told them a parable, saying, “The land of a rich man brought forth plentifully; 17 and he thought to himself, ‘What shall I do, for I have nowhere to store my crops?’ 18 And he said, ‘I will do this: I will pull down my barns, and build larger ones; and there I will store all my grain and my goods. 19 And I will say to my soul, Soul, you have ample goods laid up for many years; take your ease, eat, drink, be merry.’ 20 But God said to him, ‘Fool! This night your soul is required of you; and the things you have prepared, whose will they be?’ 21 So is he who lays up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.”

(Luke 12:16-21)

Finally, the devil makes a much more curious kind of attack. It is harder to explain- the devil is seemingly trying to pervert the protection and help that we know God gives us by making us squander that help, or use it in appropriately. In particular, by putting God to the test. It seems to me that putting God to the test is particularly sinful because it is an act of rebellion- we no longer act to serve God, but instead try and make him serve use. Almost like a child trying to order a parent around, as it were. I am curious as to how my readers see this particular test. Please leave your thoughts in the comments below.


Filed under Selected Sunday Scriptures

7 responses to “Selected Sunday Scriptures- #112

  1. Michael Kozaki

    harder to explain…leave thoughts in the comments below.

    It makes more sense with Jesus as the second Adam:

    Gen 3:1-6: Adam, the first temptation
    INVITE TO SIN: …saw that the tree was good for food…
    HUNGER: Did God really tell you not to eat from any of the trees…?
    DESIRE: …pleasing to the eyes…
    POWER: …desirable for gaining wisdom…

    Luke 4:1-13: New Adam, second temptation
    INVITE TO SIN: The devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God …
    HUNGER: … command this stone to become bread…
    DESIRE: …showed Him all the kingdoms…this will be yours…
    POWER: …throw yourself down… He will command his angels for you…

    Luke makes sense only with Jesus as the new, sinless Adam who defeats the devil and Mary as the new sinless Eve (the first non-God human who now can spurn the Devil when tempted. I can’t remember what Church Father first noted this, but it’s real early, like 200-400 AD.

  2. Gen 3:1-6: Adam, the first temptation
    INVITE TO SIN: …saw that the tree was good for food…
    HUNGER: Did God really tell you not to eat from any of the trees…?
    DESIRE: …pleasing to the eyes…
    POWER: …desirable for gaining wisdom…

    Only thing is that those weren’t Adam’s temptations – they were Eve’s. Adam’s was in pleasing Eve by doing what she wanted him to do when it was contrary to what God had already told him to do.

  3. Michael Kozaki

    Only thing is that those weren’t Adam’s temptations – they were Eve’s.

    It doesn’t say why Adam gave in, just that he “was with her” and she gave him some. But Adam was certainly tempted by everything Eve was. I (a son of Adam) am tempted today by the very same things.

  4. It doesn’t say directly, but we can deduce what each one’s temptation was based on the reasons God punished them. Sins are only committed after we’ve decided to give in to a temptation, after all. In Adam’s case, here’s what Genesis says:

    Genesis 3:17 RSV-CE: And to Adam He said, “because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, ‘you shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground because of you…”

    Obviously eating of the tree is part of it, but God specifically mentions that Adam listened to his wife as part of the reason for punishment. This has to mean that it was wrong for him to do this, meaning it was part of Adam’s Original sin, meaning he was experiencing the temptation to please Eve, even at the expense of disobeying God.

  5. Not that I’m saying Adam couldn’t have been tempted by those same things. I’m just saying that the serpent said those things to Eve (it doesn’t say anything about the serpent talking to Adam), meaning that’s what she was tempted by. Adam told God when He confronted them that “the woman whom thou gravest to be with me, she gave me the fruit of the tree, and I ate.” (Genesis 3:12). Add all that together, and it looks like Adam’s primary and overriding temptation was in relation to Eve, more so than hunger and power. It’s evidenced too by looking at how your average man these days seeks to please a woman and/or women in general at the expense of all else, even at the expense of his own power.

  6. Michael Kozaki

    Cassie, interesting interpretation. A Jewish one: Eve was seduced by Dragon and Adam dared not confront the Dragon, so he ate.

    I’m liking your interp tho since I have zero urge to please women, or “listen to the voice of my wife”. Straight to heaven for MK!

  7. It’s more the idea of wanting to please a woman when doing so would require him to disobey God that I was referring to than it is just wanting to please a woman. The former is idolatry, the latter is just natural and not wrong in and of itself.

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